Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics
The members of the department participate in all three collage education degrees. They guarantee bachelor (Physics, Renewable energy sources and environmental physics, Biomedical physics), master and PhD. programs (Nuclear and Particle physics, Biomedical Physics, Biophysics and chemical physics, Environmental physics, Renewable energy sources, Meteorology, and climatology).
In the field of particle physics, the department study high energy proton-proton, proton-nucleon, and nucleon-nucleon collisions at accelerator LHC at CERN. The main topic is:
- study of deep inelastic scaterring related to heavy quark physics (experiment ATLAS),
- so-called soft hadron physics oriented mainly on high multiplicity processes and Bose-Einstein correlations, which describe quark confinment (experiment ATLAS),
- study of nucleon-nucleon (as well as proton-nucleon) collisions, which is focused on research of new states of nuclear matter, so-called quark-gluon plasma (experiment ALICE).
In the field of nuclear physics, the research is oriented to study heavy and super-heavy nuclei synthesis, structure and decays of exotic nuclei, nuclear reaction mechanism (expriments SHIP in GSI Darmstadt), as well as study atom nuclei using radioactive beams (experiment ISOLDE at CERN), study of rear type of nuclear processes (experiment NEMO), and study of neutrino physics.
Problematics of radiation and environmental physics is covered by study of cosmogenic radionuclides production and cosmic rays interactions with universe objects (Los Alamos National Laboratory, MPI Mainz), study of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides variations in the enviroment (IAEA Vienna, SUJV Dubna), development of microdosimetric models of radiative damage (NRPI Praha), radon problematics (PAS Krakow, University of Pannonia), and development of accelerator technologies oriented to solving different environmental problems (IAEA Vienna, VERA, Vienna, ETH Zurich, …).
In the field of biophysics, biomedical physics and chemical physics the department addresses scientific research tasks to the structure and physical properties of biomembranes and biopolymers. The research is dedicated to molecular dynamics and computer simulations of biosystems (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany), development and application of quantum mechanical methods in biological and chemical systems (University of Waterloo, Canada; RA Laboratory, UK), study of physical phenomena on biological and non-biological interfaces.
The members develop biosensors and new materials based on self-assembled biomimetic structures (ORNL, USA; University of Toronto, Canada; University of California San Diego, USA, University College Dublin, Ireland; Moscow University, Kazan University, Russia; University of Athens, Greece).