Seminar of Cognitive Science - Emil Višňovský (3.12.2019)
Tuesday 3.12.2019 at 16:30, Lecture room I/9
By: Igor Farkaš
prof. PhDr. Emil Višňovský, PhD. (Department of Philosophy & History of Philosophy, Comenius University in Bratislava):
Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence
The phenomenon of artificial intelligence as the complex offspring of cognitive science and information technology (and inherently associated with "internetization", "digitalization", "virtualization" of reality, "robotization", etc.), is generally recognized as the key phenomenon of the contemporary human world having the potential not only to change the very nature of humanity itself but also to bring about one of its most serious existential risks (Open Letter on AI, 2015). For understanding the nature and value of AI, it is crucial to understand such concepts as human agency, intelligence (natural, general, weak, strong), consciousness, mind, thinking, free will, life, machine, technology, culture, etc., which fall under the competence of philosophy. Philosophy is the key for further development of AI (D. Deutsch). The area of the philosophy of AI has been developing (in parallels with cognitive science) since the historic 1956 DARPA conference, but the 1st academic synthesis has been provided by a textbook some 15 years ago (Russell & Norvig, 2002). Today the discussion of two groups of philosophical issues of AI can be distinguished: "internal" (stemming from Turing's problem of thinking machines and ending up with Bostrom's concept of super-intelligence) and "external" (starting from Minsky's "society of mind" and ending up with the ethical question of "good AI").